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Makiwara: Background & FAQ about the punch post

Makiwara: Background & FAQ about the punch post

The Makiwara is a one punch post. In karate, kyudo and other martial arts it is used for training and toughening. The board helps the practitioner to perfect their technique. Makiwara acts as an honest, critical, yet silent teacher. It can either be attached to the wall or to the ceiling. The device also exists in the form of a post.

The most important thing in advance:

  • Makiwara – the punching post – helps to refine the punching technique or aiming technique.
  • The punch post is available as a standing or wall model.
  • The exercises harden the fist.

Background and purpose

Makiwara is a useful piece of sports equipment Karate and Kyudo Karateka use this as a striking post, Kyudoka use the Makiwara as a target in archery. Makiwara is a combination of the two terms Maki and Wara. The former stands for rolling something, the latter for straw. Thus, this piece of sports equipment is a wooden post that is wrapped in straw.

  • Since the Makiwara helps both the Karatekas and the Kyudokas to become masters of their martial arts, it is also called Board of Wisdom. Karateka practice the correct striking technique on this. Kyudoka, on the other hand, use them as a broad target.
  • Furthermore, the Board of Wisdom exists in both a standing as well as a hanging version. Hanging models act as teachers for learning the correct kicking techniques. The Makiwara reacts to the blows and kicks like a living teacher. Karateka enjoy feedback. You see, hear and feel it.
  • Karateka feel pain when they do not perform the technique properly. A correct punch or the edge of the hand prepares the trainee, however no pain. Thanks to the Makiwara, karateka practice the correct striking technique from the very beginning. Errors do not creep in in the first place. Kyudoka, on the other hand, can clearly see when they miss their target.
Training am Makiwara

Makiwara for archery

In kyudo, the makiwara consists of a roll of rice straw that is tightly wrapped. Their length is 85 centimeters. The diameter is 30 centimeters. The middle of the target is at the height of the mouth of the Kyudoka. This allows the shooter to aim at a straight surface.

Archers who train with a Makiwara use a specific Makiwara arrow. It is featherless or only briefly feathered. The distance to the target is two to three meters. Beginners rely on the board of wisdom. With this you internalize the processes faster. Advanced users still use the Makiwara for a third of their training time to perfect their technique.

Properties of the Makiwara

Today’s Makiwara models are no longer made of straw and linen. They consist of punch pads that come with Foam rubber are fed. Leather surrounds the material. There are also training objects made of bamboo sticks. They act as boards of wisdom for finger pricks.

You can buy a high-quality Shogun Makiwara online for around 30 euros. Its length is 29 centimeters, while its width is 15 centimeters. The punch pad is 7 centimeters thick. This device is a Makiwara that you attach to the wall.

Training and exercises

Exercises that Karateka can do at home on the Makiwara are predominantly made up of the Hand technics together. Fist kicks and punching the edge of the hand are an important part of training with the Board of Wisdom.

The Masters’ opinions are divided about the timing. Some believe that the board is just one Exercise object for advanced learnersOthers encourage beginners to practice on the device as well. This allows exercisers to estimate their distance well. You also control your strokes better. The exercises on the wooden teacher play an important role for the moment of the most significant muscle tension during the blow, kick and thrust.

At the Home workout Experts advise not to kick your feet unless you have warmed up thoroughly. On the one hand, this is due to the fact that kicks require a lot of effort from the whole body. On the other hand, you should stretch yourself extensively. This will reduce the risk of injury or prevent a tendon from rupturing.


The training process at the Makiwara requires you to first decide on a technique. You will perfect this over several weeks, depending on how often you train. Only if, for example, your fist bump sit, you continue with that Hand edge strike.

For the former you start with a preliminary exercise. This can consist of push-ups on fists. In this way you learn not to use the entire area of ​​your fist. During the fist push-ups you will definitely become aware that you are only performing the push with the knuckles of your index and middle fingers. By no means do all of the knuckles of the clenched fist hit the surface.

Mats also act as an important preparation for the exercise. They teach you in a gentle way what the impact area is. You will learn how important it is to concentrate fully on the punches, kicks and kicks. Otherwise you run the risk of injuring yourself.

Buy Makiwara


Set up the Makiwara indoors or outdoors?

Due to the volume, you should rather set up the Makiwara outside. In this way you avoid complaints from your neighbors. If you want to train in a closed room, you only have to go to the dojo.

Can you build a makiwara yourself?

However, if you want a Makiwara that is tailored to your height, you can build your own board of wisdom. However, you should have a look at detailed instructions before you start the project. For this you need:

– Fastening material (screws, anchors, nuts)
– Steel or table top
– Bretthalter
– Brett
– carpeting
– Leather upholstery

Pay attention to good workmanship, no protruding nails, chips or other risk of injury. In addition, the stand must be stable or it must be attached to the wall.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a Makiwara?

The Makiwara impresses with the advantages that it silently teaches you the correct punching, kicking and pushing technique. Furthermore, she is always ready and willing to train with you. A Makiwara is reliable and won’t let you down. Thanks to this board of wisdom you strengthen your psyche and your body. Furthermore, you increase your performance and ability to concentrate.

The only disadvantage of regular Makiwara training is that you have to train a cornea on your fists in order to perform the punches painlessly. If you want to place the device in your apartment, you are dependent on the opinion of your neighbors due to the volume. You should therefore rather set them up outdoors.

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