The history of Taekwondo is still quite young and only goes back to the beginning…
The spread of karate from Okinawa, which is part of Japan today, means that the terms and symbols come from the Japanese language. There are translations for the karate terms, but knowing the names in the original language is a condition for training and exams. At the latest, if you want to learn from a trainer who comes from Japan, for example, the German names of the techniques will no longer help you.
For some terms exist in the translation different spellings or designations, but the meaning of these is usually the same. Nobody can ask you to acquire the complete Japanese language for the training. That would be wasted effort anyway, since you actually only need a fraction of it. There are some basic terms that you should gradually internalize. Here is a small, categorical overview of the most important of them.
General terms and greeting
A few names, which one is best for you heard beforebefore you start your first training session. Otherwise you can of course also learn these on site.
|Karate||Path of the empty hand|
|Karateka||Karate fighters (from novice to master)|
|Do||The path (in martial arts mostly indicative of the life path of karateka)|
|Dojo||Training room, hall|
|Senpai||parent student (based on experience)|
|Karategi, Gi||Karate suit (pants, jacket and belt)|
|Orange||form a row|
|Seiza||Knee seat (when greeting and saying goodbye)|
|Shomen ni Rei||Greetings to the ancestors|
|Sensei ni Rei||Greetings to the master|
|Otagi ni Rei||Greetings to one another|
|Mokuso Yame||End mediation|
Basic terms for training
You need these terms for Your daily trainingas the sensei will use these and other karate terms to define the techniques. The numbers are necessary because the techniques are often repeated several times in the group, with the sensei counting out loud.
|Word||Form, form run|
|Bunkai||Analysis of a kata|
|Fuck||Head and neck attack zone|
|Chudan||Attack zone neck to belt|
|Gedan||Attack zone belt to knee|
|Hikite||pulling a fist back to the hip|
|To who||Tensing all muscles at the end of the technique|
Terms for fighting techniques
These karate terms and techniques are needed very often. You should therefore also learn these in the first few weeks of your training.
|Ushiro||to the rear|
|Dachi||Stand, foot position|
|Zenkutsu-Dachi||Stand leaning forward|
|Kokutsu-Dachi||Stand inclined backwards|
|Hi-Zuki||Equilateral punch with lunge (front leg and same arm)|
|Gyaku-Zuki||Opposite punch with lunge|
|Uchi-Ude-Uke||Forearm block from the inside out|
|Soto-Ude-Uke||Forearm block from the outside in|
Basic terms for practice fights
These terms are less interesting if you are a beginner. They gain importance when you join your first exam approaches or wants to take part in a competition.
|God-Kumite||Full contact form with full protective equipment|
|Randori||playful practice fight|
|Gohon-Kumite||Five step fight|
|Kihon-Ippon-Kumite||elementary school one-step struggle|
|Jiyu-Ippon-Kumite||free one-step struggle|
|Kime-Waza||decisive counter technique|
|Sun-Dome||Braking the movement before the hit|
|Shiro no kachi||Victory for white|
|Ai uchi||simultaneous attack|
|Atatta||too hard hit|
|Moto no ichi||Back to the starting position|